This is the creative part of growing Bonsai, as well as the difficult part. Although it took many decades to refine techniques like pruning and wiring to keep trees miniaturized, some basics can be learned quite easily. Right now we will look at the basics of pruning and wiring, but make sure to read the "styling" section for more detailed information on these subjects. Let's begin with the single most important technique to Bonsai; pruning.
Pruning is crucial in keeping trees miniaturized as well as to shape them. The goal is to create a Bonsai that resembles nature as close as possible. Spring and summer are the seasons to proceed with significant pruning; though this will depend on the type of tree you have. Make sure to buy a good concave cutter when pruning thick branches. The hollow wounds these cutters leave behind heal much better than normal cutters would.
Though it is impossible to tell you which branches to prune to form your tree without actually seeing it, it helps to look at some example Bonsai progressions , and start from there. Some examples of instances in which a branch should be removed include:. Another important technique to shape Bonsai trees is wiring. By wrapping anodized aluminum or annealed copper carefully around branches it is possible to bend and shape them, at least to a certain extent. Wiring can be applied year-round, but make sure to remove the wire before it starts scarring branches that grow thicker.
Make sure to read the wiring page in the styling section for a detailed explanation. Learn more about the training and styling techniques mentioned above, or continue reading about how to Bonsai; Bonsai care. A crucial part of information about how to grow a Bonsai tree is its maintenance and care. Although each tree species has specific care guidelines make sure to check these for your Bonsai!
The required frequency of watering a Bonsai depends on a wide range of factors, including species of tree, pot-size, soil and climate. Over-watering can result in root-rot, one of the most common causes of death. However, as Bonsai are planted in such small pots, they also tend to dry up very easily. Choosing the right soil mixture and re-potting regularly on average every two years, to make sure the trees don't become pot-bound, making it hard to soak up and store water is crucial to keep your tree healthy.
An important rule for watering is to check frequently on your tree instead of simply watering it once per day , and when watering to do so thoroughly to make sure the soil absorbs the water properly. Besides watering and repotting, fertilization is another important thing to keep in mind. Since the trees are put in small pots, with little space and nutrients available, fertilizing regularly in the tree's growth season is key to keep it healthy. Again, it depends on the tree species when, how much and how often it needs to be fertilized. The brand or type of fertilizer fluid or solid doesn't matter all that much, as long as you make sure to apply smaller quantities than normal plants would require.
Finally, placing an outdoor tree inside or vice versa is a sure way to kill it. Paving the way for a smooth transition and making each Navy family feel like a genuine part of their new command can ensure a family commitment of support to enable success for all. As our Navy policies and programs change, we must reevaluate whether or not our command sponsorship process is conducive to the PCS transition.
Sailors should expect nothing less than an exceptional check-in process.
Whether it is arriving at an airport in a foreign country and being met by a smiling face from the command or crossing the quarterdeck for the first time on a warship, our Sailors deserve a welcoming experience during their PCS transition. The first 72 hours of checking into a command are without question the most influential. During this period, personnel expect to feel as though their arrival is important to the command.
While the mission of each command may be vastly different, the importance of gaining personnel positively is equally significant. The CSC is responsible to designate responsible personnel as a sponsor for a new arrival. Once designated, these individuals ensure that a welcome aboard package is sent and that communications are established with the new Sailor. A DVD will be delivered to command within 5 days. Assign a Mentor. A ssigning a mentor is an important component of the Brilliant on the Basics.
Formal: The assigning of a mentor through a command program establishing a command instruction for a formal program can provide basic guidance and expectations that enable leadership growth and development while creating a culture of Shipmates helping Shipmates. Providing this guidance also ensures that routine engagements occur to ensure success of the program that includes monthly monitoring and evaluation. Informal: A natural occurrence that develops as junior Sailors learn through a formal program to reach out to those they desire to emulate.
This usually occurs through respect for the leadership observed, or the potential that is seen through work ethic and determination to excel. When a subordinate observes another Sailor displaying traits they admire, they are more likely to seek guidance from that Sailor.
The same can be said for a senior person who observes a hard working individual with a desire to learn. This method is one of respect and integrity, where Honor, Courage, and Commitment must prevail to eliminate the potential for inappropriate relationships. The passing of the customs and traditions of the Navy has been coined under leadership, but it is through mentorship that a civilian is groomed into being a successful Sailor. A well-organized indoctrination program lays the foundation for a successful and rewarding tour for our Sailors and families.
Every command should have a program specifically tailored to their unique needs. CDBs are required within 30 days of a Sailor reporting on board, and again at 6 and 12 months. This page location is:. Sign In. Navy Website Reserve Retirement Information.
Other Visa Categories. As a result, one leaves behind no misunderstoods, obtains a full conceptual understanding of Dianetics and Scientology and grasps the subjects at a level not otherwise possible. Photo Frequently Asked Questions. If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number although it is not required. The CSC is responsible to designate responsible personnel as a sponsor for a new arrival.
Brilliant on the Basics BOB. It is a simple way to remember the principles of Brilliant on the Basics. Every Sailor needs to clearly understand and apply the principles of Brilliant on the Basics on a daily basis and know the programs associated with our Fleet and Family Support Centers. There are two types of mentorship:. Command Indoctrination.
Double has a precision of at least 15 decimal digits, whereas the precision of Float can be as little as 6 decimal digits. The appropriate floating-point type to use depends on the nature and range of values you need to work with in your code. In situations where either type would be appropriate, Double is preferred. Swift is a type-safe language. A type safe language encourages you to be clear about the types of values your code can work with.
Because Swift is type safe, it performs type checks when compiling your code and flags any mismatched types as errors. This enables you to catch and fix errors as early as possible in the development process. Type inference enables a compiler to deduce the type of a particular expression automatically when it compiles your code, simply by examining the values you provide. Because of type inference, Swift requires far fewer type declarations than languages such as C or Objective-C. Constants and variables are still explicitly typed, but much of the work of specifying their type is done for you.
Type inference is particularly useful when you declare a constant or variable with an initial value. This is often done by assigning a literal value or literal to the constant or variable at the point that you declare it.
A literal value is a value that appears directly in your source code, such as 42 and 3. For example, if you assign a literal value of 42 to a new constant without saying what type it is, Swift infers that you want the constant to be an Int , because you have initialized it with a number that looks like an integer:. Swift always chooses Double rather than Float when inferring the type of floating-point numbers. If you combine integer and floating-point literals in an expression, a type of Double will be inferred from the context:.
The literal value of 3 has no explicit type in and of itself, and so an appropriate output type of Double is inferred from the presence of a floating-point literal as part of the addition. All of these integer literals have a decimal value of 17 :. Floating-point literals can be decimal with no prefix , or hexadecimal with a 0x prefix. They must always have a number or hexadecimal number on both sides of the decimal point. Decimal floats can also have an optional exponent , indicated by an uppercase or lowercase e ; hexadecimal floats must have an exponent, indicated by an uppercase or lowercase p.
follow site For decimal numbers with an exponent of exp , the base number is multiplied by 10 exp :. For hexadecimal numbers with an exponent of exp , the base number is multiplied by 2 exp :. All of these floating-point literals have a decimal value of Numeric literals can contain extra formatting to make them easier to read. Both integers and floats can be padded with extra zeros and can contain underscores to help with readability.
Neither type of formatting affects the underlying value of the literal:.
Using the default integer type in everyday situations means that integer constants and variables are immediately interoperable in your code and will match the inferred type for integer literal values. Using explicitly sized types in these situations helps to catch any accidental value overflows and implicitly documents the nature of the data being used. The range of numbers that can be stored in an integer constant or variable is different for each numeric type. An Int8 constant or variable can store numbers between and , whereas a UInt8 constant or variable can store numbers between 0 and Because each numeric type can store a different range of values, you must opt in to numeric type conversion on a case-by-case basis.
This opt-in approach prevents hidden conversion errors and helps make type conversion intentions explicit in your code. To convert one specific number type to another, you initialize a new number of the desired type with the existing value. In the example below, the constant twoThousand is of type UInt16 , whereas the constant one is of type UInt8.
Instead, this example calls UInt16 one to create a new UInt16 initialized with the value of one , and uses this value in place of the original:.